Disability inclusion is about having children with disabilities engage with their peers (who may or may not have disabilities) in everyday activities. Disability Inclusion is more than simply encouraging children with disabilities to engage with others but also involves making sure policies and practices are also available and utilised in the community or setting to promote greater disability Inclusion. The goal of inclusion is that it leads to increased participation in socially expected life roles and activities. Disability inclusion could involve children affected by disabilities participating in social activities and public resources such as transportation and libraries, moving about within communities, receiving adequate health care, having relationships, and enjoying other day-to-day activities.
Although disabilities are associated with health conditions (such as arthritis, mental, or emotional conditions) or events (such as injuries), the functioning, health, independence, and engagement in society of children with disabilities can vary depending on several factors such:
Severity of the underlying impairment.
Social, political, and cultural influences and expectations.
Aspects of natural and built surroundings.
Availability of assistive technology and devices.
Family and community support.
The success or failure of disability Inclusion will depend on how well these factors are managed with the child.
In Australia in 2018, an estimated 4.5% (or around 211,200) children aged 0–14 had a profound or severe disability. Generally, this was more likely among boys than girls—3.3% of boys aged 0–4 had a profound or severe disability compared with 1.5% of girls aged 0–4. Disabilities included those who had long-term physical, mental, intellectual, or sensory (hearing or vision) impairments. Given the significant numbers of Australia children with disabilities, the concept of disability Inclusion has more than ever, become an important matter to consider. Effective Support programs by NDIS providers such as CDSS will always focus on improving the program’s approach to disability inclusion.
In summary, disability inclusion is all about our understanding of the relationship between the way people function and how they participate in society. The end goal is to have everybody share in the same opportunities to participate in every aspect of life to the best of their abilities and needs.